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Geological mapping

The first bedrock geological map of Estonia was published in 1858 by the Tartu University scientist Friedrich Schmidt.

Systematic geological mapping of Estonia based on governmental interest was continued during the 20th century:
1937–1940 – sedimentary cover (scale 1:10 000) and maps on mineral resources over areas of most interest;
1958–1975 – complex mapping of the Estonian territory at the scale 1:200 000;
1958–1999 – complex geological-hydrogeological, land improvement-hydrogeological and engineering geological mapping at the scale 1:50 000;
1965–1967 and 1981–1999 – compilation of overview map sets at the scales 1:400 000 and 1:500 000;
1967–1991 – crystalline basement mapping at the scale 1:200 000 in north Estonia;
1991–2017 – geological mapping at the scale 1:50 000 (279 maps);
1993–2002 – maps of crystalline basement at the scale 1:400 000 (1:200 000);
1994–2013 – marine geological mapping at the scales 1:200 000 and 1:50 000;
1997–2001 – maps of bedrock, sedimentary cover, hydrogeology and groundwater protection at the scale 1:400 000 (1:200 000);
2004–2008 – maps of mineral resources at the scale 1:400 000.
Status of geological mapping (1:50 000) after Estonian Land Board.

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Last updated: 16 March 2018